Surrounded by three peaks of the Alpine peaks, Piemonte already reveals the close relationship with the mountains: the name comes from the Latin expression pedem montium, "at the foot of the mountains". Between Novara and Vercelli there are mirrors of water and rice paddies, typical scenery of the Pianura Padana, which extends eastwards. Nature, however, is not the only face of this region: industrial pole since the nineteenth century the Torino mechanical industry and that Biella textile have assumed a role of national importance since its origins.
Piemonte, in addition to the great art cities, offers many other attractions spread all over the country: the reserves and natural parks, including the Gran Paradiso National Park with its glaciers, natural lakes and protected flora and fauna; the Piemonte shore of Lago Maggiore, densely populated with places of interest such as Arona, Stresa and the Borromean Islands; not to miss the ski area of Sestriere, one of the most important systems of winter sports in Europe.
Piemonte is the second region of Italy for municipal divisions: in fact, there are 1,201 municipalities spread over the territory. The capital of the region is Torino.
The origins of this city are to be found in the 3rd century BC. When, along the banks of the river Po, there were settled some "taurine" tribe of Celso-Ligurian strain. In the course of history, Torino was the protagonist of the political scene so to become (from 1861 to 1864) the first capital of the Kingdom of Italy, at the same time showing its growing industrial vocation. Known primarily at the FIAT automotive factory, Torino also stands out in other areas including the production of chocolate and chocolates Gianduiotto, typical of this city.